"Does anyone here know CPR?" is a question we never want to hear. But knowing how to perform basic CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) could be the difference between life or death for someone.
The American Heart Association lays out a simple two-step process for CPR.
- Call 911 (or tell someone to do so if available)
- Push hard and fast in the center of the chest
Before beginning, confirm the person is nonresponsive (and isn't just sleeping). For those who haven't taken a CPR class but witness an adult collapse, the AHA says to just use compression-only CPR, aka hands-only CPR. Do not worry about mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, leave that for health care providers and those trained to do so. Continue compressions until medical services have arrived.
Hands-only CPR is CPR without delivering breaths mouth-to-mouth. This is recommended if you see a teen or adult collapse outside a hospital setting (at work, at home or in a public space where help is unavailable.)
According to the AHA, immediate CPR can double or triple a person's chances of survival after cardiac arrest. If you would like to take a course on CPR, you can use this tool to find a course near you.